€18 Billion Investments to Scale-up Biomethane Production Already in the Pipeline According to 1st Eba Investment Outlook on Biomethane

By | 2023-06-05

Brussels 05/06/23 –The 1st EBA Investment Outlook on Biomethane launched today shows that a first tranche of €18 billion has been set aside by the industry up to 2030 to ensure the scale-up of biomethane production and support both Europe’s energy security and climate mitigation ambitions. These investments make additional whole-system benefits available to our society, worth up to 7.9 billion euro[1] per year. Matching policies, stable framework conditions and pathways for long term end-use is critical to secure the announced capital injection.

Following the announcement of the REPowerEU target 1 year ago, the EBA estimated that reaching 35 bcm of sustainable biomethane production will require an investment effort of €83 billion by 2030 depending on plant size, location, and type of sustainable feedstock. “The first edition of the EBA Investment Outlook on Biomethane shows these efforts are taking shape: €4.1 billion will be invested in the coming 2 years, €12.4 billion by 2030 and €1 extra billion has been allocated with no specific timeframe. The EBA outlook will be regularly  updated as investments ramp-up.” Explains Mieke Decorte, EBA’s Technical and Project Manager.

Investments are mostly located in France (€1.4 billion) and Italy (€1.1 billion) thanks to favourable conditions in those Member States. They are followed by the Netherlands (€951 million), Spain (€948 million), Germany (€658 million), Sweden (€635 million) and Poland (€429 million). Additionally, €5.5 billion of capital injection will stay in the EU with final destination still open and €3.3 billion will target non-EU territories, including the UK and Ukraine.

Tuning in the EU Taxonomy with the REPowerEU objectives for biomethane will steer capital flows into the sector, as investors indicate compliance with the specific EU regulation on sustainable finance is key to leverage green investments. A harmonized EU-wide cross-border trading system is of great importance as well, especially for unsubsidised projects.

The use of biogenic CO2 to replace products based on CO2 of fossil origin is included in the majority of business plans analysed. The importance of biogenic CO2 in offsetting CO2 of fossil origin is often underestimated, however; efforts should be made to assess its value fairly. One of the highlighted uses of biogenic CO2 is the production of green synthetic methane (using green hydrogen), which could add substantial volumes of sustainable green gas into the energy system.

[1] Calculated with results from the report “Beyond energy – monetizing biomethane’s whole-system benefits” (February 2023)

Mieke Decorte –  EBA Technical Officer